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Understanding Dual Booting:

Sometimes we use more than one Operating System in our PC to take advantage of those operating systems. For example before introducing Windows XP most of the PC users were using Windows 98. After release of Windows XP some of those PC users did not want to use the new release, because they are not well familiar with the new environment. To introduce with the new OS while keeping the old one there must be some way to install a new operating system, keeping the old operating system unchanged. This process is called Dual Booting.

Some Operating Systems do not support dual booting system. For example, windows 98 and older operating system cannot keep track of existing OS during installation processes. But the newer OS (released after Windows 98) can detect and keep track of the previous OS installed in the PC.

There is a lot of vendors of Operating Systems with different versions of each OS family. For example, Windows (98, 2000, NT, XP, 2003 etc.), Linux (7.2, 8.0, 9.0 etc.) etc. Some of the OS families do not detect the other OS family. Think about windows and Linux. If you install Linux after installing windows then you will have an option for selecting one of them from a list after POST operation. But if you install windows after Linux then you will not be able to select the Linux OS.

Quick Installation of Windows XP

If you understand all of the above discussion then follow the procedure described below:

  • Set the first boot device to CD ROM in BIOS Boot Sequence
  • Insert Windows XP Operating System CD and restart.
  • The Installation program will prompt you to press any key to boot from CD….. To start windowsXP installation, you must press any key within 5 seconds after displaying the message.
  • After booting computer from CDROM Drive Press Enter key to continue installation.
  • Press F8 key to agree with the license agreement.
  • If your PC has windowsXP installed previously then the installation program will prompt you to repair that. You should press Esc key to install a fresh copy of WindowsXP.
  • Decide whether you want to create a new partition or want to delete an exiting partition and follow the instruction shown on each display screen.
  • After deletion or creation of the partition Select the partition where you want to install windows XP and press Enter
  • If your hard disk is fresh new then select “Format the partition using NTFS file system” otherwise select “Format the partition using NTFS file system (Quick)” and press Enter

In this phase the setup program formats the selected partition and the copies operating system files to that partition. Wait until the computer restarts and prompts anything.

  • Click Next on settings dialogue box to continue the installation.
  • Write your Name and Organization Name and click Next.
  • Write 25 lettered product key supplied with your installation CD and click Next.
  • Click Next (Writing Name and Password is not essential here).
  • Select time zone and click Next.
  • Select typical setting and click Next
  • Write workgroup name of which your computer will be a member of and click Next.
  • Computer will reboot soon. After rebooting click Next.
  • Click Skip if you do not want to participate in the registration process now.
  • In registration windows select “No, not at this” time and click Next.
  • Write the login name of the pc user and Click Finish.

Detail Installation of Windows XP

There are three reasons why you may need to install a new copy of Windows XP:

  • Your current operating system doesn’t support an upgrade to Windows XP Home Edition or Windows XP Professional.
  • Your current operating system supports an upgrade to Windows XP Home Edition or Windows XP Professional, but you don’t want to keep your existing files and personalized settings.
  • Your computer does not have an operating system.
  • The setup process is similar for new installations and upgrades with a few notable exceptions. For example, during a new installation, you are able to configure Special Options, convert your file system, and create a new partition for the Windows XP installation. This article will tell you more about each of these features.


IMPORTANT NOTE: A new installation deletes all programs and system files from a previous installation.

Special Options

Under Special Options, you have the choice to change the following settings during the setup process:

Select If you want to…
Language ·    Choose the primary language and regions for Windows XP, which affects the default settings for date, time, currency, numbers, character sets, and keyboard layout.

·    Choose additional language groups and character sets to use with the programs you’re running Windows XP.

Advanced Options ·    Change the default location of the Setup files.

·    Store system files in a folder other than the default (Windows) folder

·    Copy the installation files from the CD to the hard disk.

Accessibility ·    Use Narrator or Magnifier during Setup.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Unless you’re an advanced user, it’s recommended that you use the default settings.

Choosing a File System

During a new installation of Windows XP, you may have to choose which file system your computer should use:

FAT32: An enhanced version of the file allocation table (FAT) system that’s standard on all Windows operating systems starting with later (32-bit) versions of Windows 95. The FAT32 system can be used on large hard disks, from 512 megabytes (MB) to 32 gigabytes (GB).


NTFS: The NTFS file system is used with the Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP operating systems. NTFS provides enhanced reliability, stability, and security, and supports large hard disks of up to 2 terabytes (TB). A terabyte is a measurement used for high-capacity data storage; one terabyte equals one thousand gigabytes or one million megabytes.


IMPORTANT NOTE: You can convert your file system any time, even after you install Windows XP, without losing any of your data. The conversion to NTFS is one–way only; if you convert your FAT or FAT32 file system to NTFS you can’t convert your hard disk back to FAT later.

If you’re not sure which file system to use, keep the one your computer defaults to during Setup. If you want to change your file system, here are a few recommendations:

  • Use FAT32 if your hard disk is smaller than 32 GB.
  • Use FAT32 if you want to install more than one operating system on your computer.
  • Use NTFS if your hard drive is larger than 32 GB and you’re running only one operating system on your computer.
  • Use NTFS if you want enhanced file security.
  • Use NTFS if you need better disk compression.

Disk Partitions

A disk partition is a space on your hard disk that your operating system will treat as a different drive. You can create partitions to back up data or to install more than one operating system on your computer. A hard disk can contain up to four partitions.

If you’re performing a new installation, the appropriate disk partition is selected automatically during Windows XP Setup unless you click Advanced Options and specify your own requirements.

Options for partitioning and formatting your hard disk

You can use the Microsoft Windows XP Setup program or the Fdisk and Format tools to partition and format System and startup partitions

Important things to consider before you partition and format your hard disk

Consider the following questions before you partition and format your hard disk:

  • Have you prepared the hard disk by following the manufacturer’s instructions?

Set the jumpers and the cabling according to the role of the hard disk (for example, master or subordinate) and make any required BIOS (or CMOS) changes. See the documentation that came with your hard disk and motherboard, or contact the manufacturers.

  • What type of file system do you want to use?

You can use either the FAT or NTFS file systems.

  • Does the hard disk already contain data? If yes, have you backed up all your important data?

If not, back up your data before you continue. When you partition and format a hard disk, all the data on that partition is permanently deleted. You can view current partition information without deleting your data.

  • Do you have the floppy disks or the CD-ROMs that you need to reinstall your software?

Make sure that you have the software so that you can reinstall your programs after you partition and format your drive. If you purchased an upgrade for a program, make sure that you have the full version of the original program. Many upgrades for programs require a compliance check before you can install the upgraded product. If you cannot find the original floppy disks or CD-ROMs, contact the software manufacturer before you continue.

  • Do you have updated device drivers backed up on storage other than the drive that you want to format and partition?

If you have installed an updated device driver for your peripheral devices (for example, modems and printers), make sure that you back up the new driver for the device to a location other than the drive that you want to format and partition. Therefore, you can reinstall it after you install your operating system.

  • Can you start your computer from the CD-ROM drive?


IMPORTANT: If you follow these steps on a hard disk that is not empty, all the data on that hard disk is permanently deleted. We recommend that you back up your hard disk before you follow these steps.
To partition and format your hard disk by using the Windows XP Setup program:

  1. Insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, or insert the first Windows XP Setup disk into the floppy disk drive, and then restart the computer.
    Note: To start your computer from the Windows XP CD-ROM (or from the startup disk), your computer must be configured to start from the CD-ROM drive, the DVD-ROM drive, or the floppy disk drive. In some cases, you may have to modify your computer’s BIOS settings to set this configuration. For information about how to configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive, the DVD-ROM drive, or the floppy disk drive, see the documentation that is included with your computer, or contact the computer manufacturer.
  2. If you are starting the computer from the Windows XP CD-ROM, select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do this.


Note If your hard disk controller requires a third-party original equipment manufacturer (OEM) driver, press F6 to specify the driver.

If you are starting from the Windows XP Setup disks, insert each of the additional disks when you are prompted, and then press ENTER to continue after you insert each disk.

  1. At the Welcome to Setup page, press ENTER.
  2. Note If you are using the Setup disks (6 bootable disks), the setup will prompt you to insert the Windows XP CD.
  3. Press F8 to accept the Windows XP Licensing Agreement.
  4. If an existing Windows XP installation is detected, you are prompted to repair it. To bypass the repair, press ESC.
  5. All the existing partitions and the unpartitioned spaces are listed for each physical hard disk. Use the ARROW keys to select the partition or the unpartitioned space where you want to create a new partition. Press D to delete an existing partition, or press C to create a new partition by using unpartitioned space. If you press D to delete an existing partition, you must then press L (or press ENTER, and then press L if it is the System partition) to confirm that you want to delete the partition. Repeat this step for each of the existing partitions that you want to use for the new partition. When all the partitions are deleted, select the remaining unpartitioned space, and then press C to create the new partition.

Note If you want to create a partition where one or more partitions already exist, you must first delete the existing partition or partitions, and then create the new partition.

  1. Type the size in megabytes (MB) that you want to use for the new partition, and then press ENTER, or just press ENTER to create the partition with the maximum size.
  2. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 to create additional partitions if you want them.
  3. If you want to install Windows XP, use the ARROW keys to select the partition where you want to install Windows XP, and then press ENTER. If you do not want to format the partition and install Windows XP, press F3 two times to quit the Windows Setup program, and then do not follow the remaining steps. In this case, you must use a different utility to format the partition.
  4. Select the format option that you want to use for the partition, and then press ENTER. You have the following options:
  • Format the partition by using the NTFS file system (Quick)
  • Format the partition by using the FAT file system (Quick)
  • Format the partition by using the NTFS file system
  • Format the partition by using the FAT file system
  • Leave the current file system intact (no changes)

The option to leave the current file system intact is not available if the selected partition is a new partition. The FAT file system option is not available if the selected partition is more than 32 gigabytes (GB). If the partition is larger than 2 GB, the Windows Setup program uses the FAT32 file system (you must press ENTER to confirm). If the partition is smaller than 2 GB, the Windows Setup program uses the FAT16 file system.

Note If you deleted and created a new System partition, but you are installing Windows XP on a different partition, you will be prompted to select a file system for both the System and startup partitions.

  1. After the Windows Setup program formats the partition, follow the instructions that appear on the screen to continue. After the Windows Setup program is completed, you can use the Disk Management tools in Windows XP to create or format more partitions.

Windows XP Service Pack (SP) Overview

Computers are becoming remarkably capable and advanced. Trouble is, so are the hackers, viruses, and worms that threaten them. That’s why Microsoft has made security a top priority, and is helping users like you take a proactive approach to protecting your PC, information, and privacy.

Introducing Windows XP Service Pack 2/3 with Advanced Security Technologies

Service Packs offer convenient, all-in-one access to the most up-to-date drivers, tools, security enhancements, and other critical updates.

The latest service pack for Windows XP—Service Pack 3 (SP3)—is all about security improvements that includes SP2 as well as all the earlier updates, and it’s one of the most important service packs ever released.

What makes SP2 and 3 so important?

Providing a comprehensive collection of updates, innovations, and advanced security technologies, SP2 and 3 offers:

  • Improved Internet Web browsing and communication with new technologies designed to reduce unwanted content and downloads.
  • New security tools engineered expressly for Windows XP, so the process of managing security settings and staying up to date is less confusing and time-consuming.
  • Support for the latest computing experiences—whether you’re a gamer, mobile user, or digital media enthusiast.

Specifically, how does SP2 and 3 help secure my PC?

When you install SP2 and 3 on your Windows XP-based PC, you can feel confident that you’re running the most secure Windows operating system available. You’ll be supported by innovative features and default safeguards that will increase your overall security levels significantly. For example:

Take control with Windows Security Center. When it comes to managing your Windows XP security settings, the new Windows Security Center is your command central. At a glance, you can monitor your current level of PC protection, including: firewall status, automatic update settings, and virus protection.

Help protect your PC with Windows Firewall. Turned on by default, the new, built-in Windows Firewall helps defend your PC against viruses and intruders who try to access your computer over the Internet.

Block distracting pop-ups in Microsoft Internet Explorer. Now you can stop most browser windows that Web sites pop up without your permission, giving you more control and less interruption when you’re browsing the Web.

Avoid harmful communications with improvements to Outlook Express. E-mail is a great way to share photos, links to interesting articles, and other attachments. But some attachments contain viruses that wreak havoc on your system. Outlook Express now supports a new Attachment Manager which isolates attachments as you open them. This prevents the opening of unsafe attachments which can infect your system with a virus or worm.

Go wireless more securely. If you have a wireless network, or if you connect to the Internet at coffee shops or airports, the improved wireless support offered in SP2 simplifies the process of discovering and connecting to wireless networks.

In addition to significant security-related enhancements, SP2 also offers Microsoft’s latest hardware and software innovations. These new drivers and updates will help you use Windows Media Player, Microsoft DirectX, and emerging standards such as Bluetooth technologies more safely and effectively.

The sooner you install it, the safer you’ll be

Now is the time to strengthen your Windows XP operating system by installing SP2 for free. Just visit to download SP2 to your PC. It’s a smart way to make sure you’re doing everything in your power to help protect your PC and the valuable personal information you have stored on it.

System Requirements

To install SP2, you need a PC running Microsoft Windows XP which has at minimum

  • a CD-ROM drive,
  • a 233-Mhz processor,
  • 64MB RAM, and
  • 900MB of available disk space during installation.

It’s free and easy to install Windows XP SP2. Visit to learn more.

Tip: Automatically keep your PC up-to-date with the Windows XP Automatic Updates feature

With Automatic Updates, Windows routinely checks for updates that can help protect your computer against the latest viruses and other security threats. These high-priority updates are available through the Microsoft Update and include security updates, critical updates, and service packs.

As soon as you install SP2 you will be prompted to turn on Automatic Updates. After you turn it on you won’t have to search for updates online or worry that critical updates might be missing. Windows automatically downloads and installs them for you, using a schedule that you determine. If you prefer to download and install updates yourself, you can also set up Automatic Updates to notify you whenever any high-priority updates become available.

Note If you choose to install updates yourself, remember to click the alert bubble on the bottom of your screen to actually install the updates.

Turn on Automatic Updates. It’s the simplest way to ensure that you are taking advantage of every update and enhancement as soon as it becomes available.

Checking your Automatic Updates settings is easy to do:

  • Click Start, click Control Panel, click Performance and Maintenance and then click System.
  • On the Automatic Updates tab, click Automatic (recommended).

For more information about protecting your PC, visit:

Note You may recall that Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1) was released in September 2002. If you never installed SP1, don’t worry. Every improvement contained in SP1 is also included in SP2.

Get Your PC Ready for Windows XP SP2/SP3

Are you ready to download Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2)? This page can help you get your computer ready for the service pack. You can also get quick tips for a successful installation and find out how to get more help. Get started now.

Before You Install SP2

Follow these three steps to prepare for downloading SP2.
Tip: For a printer-friendly version of this article, click on the link at the bottom of this page.

  1. Check your computer for unwanted software.
    You can detect and remove unwanted software from your computer using a variety of tools available from other companies, including Lavasoft Ad-aware. (Note: Microsoft is not responsible for the quality, performance, or reliability of third-party tools.)
  2. Get the latest PC manufacturer updates for SP2.
    As one of the steps to ensuring you have all of the support information you need to install SP2, we recommend that you visit your PC manufacturer’s Web site first and search for any information about SP2 that might apply to your computer.
  3. Protect your important personal files.
    We strongly suggest you back up or make a copy of your important and irreplaceable personal information, such as pictures, documents, music, and financial data.

How Do I Know if My Computer Is Ready to Install SP2?

If your computer is not ready, or if you want to install SP2 from a CD, you should read the “System Requirements for Windows XP Service Pack 2” for the service pack.

System Requirements for Windows XP Service Pack 2

To install the service pack, your computer must have a CD-ROM drive or Internet connection and meet the following minimum requirements:

  • 233 megahertz (MHz) processor
  • 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM
  • 8 GB of available hard disk space during installation

To determine whether your computer meets these requirements:

  • Click Start, right-click My Computer and then click Properties. On the General tab, under Computer, you will see your computer’s processor speed and RAM listed.

Installing Windows XP SP2 / SP3

You may download the SP2 from Microsoft website When you finish downloading SP2, the Welcome to Windows XP Service Pack 2 Setup Wizard appears. Here’s what to do during the installation:

  1. Go to the Microsoft Update Web site. Microsoft Update will scan your computer. If it lists Windows XP SP2 as an available update, then your computer is ready for SP2.
  2. In the Welcome to Windows XP Service Pack 2 Setup Wizard, click Next.
    Note: While updating your system, Windows checks your system to be sure it complies with the Service Pack 2 requirements. Then it archives the service pack files in case you want to remove SP2 later. Finally, it installs the service pack. This can take a few minutes, so please wait.

Quick Tips for Successful Installation

·   Is everyone logged off? If you use Fast User Switching, be sure all other users are logged off before installing. For help on how to do this, go to the Help and Support Center on your computer by clicking Start and then clicking Help and Support. Then search for “Fast User Switching.”

·   Get the latest Windows updates. Before you install SP2, get your version of Windows completely up-to-date with the latest performance and security updates. Go to the Microsoft Update, click Express Install, and then install all high priority updates listed.

·   Give laptops enough power. If you are installing SP2 on a laptop, make sure that you have the laptop plugged in to AC power.

·   To add yourself as an administrator, you can either log on with the user name “Administrator” or use another account that has Administrator permissions. To determine which permissions you have, open the Control Panel and click User Accounts. The listings in the Group category will tell you what kind of access you have to your computer’s settings.

Need Help?

If you need help, visit the (Windows XP SP2 Support Center) to read articles and get chat and telephone support.



Installing Red Hat Linux

This section explains how to perform an installation of Red Hat Linux from the CD-ROM, using the graphical, mouse-based installation program. The following topics are discussed:

  • Becoming familiar with the installation program’s user interface
  • Starting the installation program
  • Selecting an installation method
  • Configuration steps during the installation (language, keyboard, mouse, partitioning, etc.)
  • Finishing the installation

May I have both Windows and Linux on my computer?

Yes, you can install both operating systems on your computer. This is known as dual-booting. It’s important to point out that only one operating system boots at a time, so when you turn on your computer, you make the choice of running Linux or Windows during that session.

If you’re going to have this kind of a system, it’s important that you install the Windows operating system first in the first partition of your hard disk. You can then install Linux and along with it a program known as a bootloader (nowadays, the most popular are LILO and GRUB) which allows you to choose your operating system. The Linux installation process, in most circumstances, leaves your Windows partition alone during the install. Installing Windows, however, will destroy the information left by bootloaders and so should never be installed second. Due to Microsoft’s monopoly on operating systems, most computers have Windows on them before anyone contemplates installing Linux, so you may have to repartition your hard disk – that is, divide what may be a hard disk with only one large partition (known as C: in the Windows world) into two or more different partitions so that Linux can be installed and kept separate from Windows. Third party tools such as Partition Magic generally work well for this purpose. After the re-partitioning, you’re free to install Linux.

Where can I find a driver for my hardware?

As Linux grows in popularity, it also gains support for a wider range of hardware. The Linux kernel now supports and enormous amount of hardware and most major Linux distribution incorporate this support into their products. You can also get hardware support by downloading, compiling and installing the latest version of the Linux kernel. In some cases, hardware manufacturers want to provide Linux support without incorporating their drivers into the kernel, so they provide separate drivers. If you’re looking for these it’s best to consult the manufacturer’s website or send them an inquiry by email. Then there are some hardware manufacturers who don’t support Linux, so no drivers are available. If you’re already running Linux, it’s best to check to see if new hardware you want to purchase is supported.

Minimum requirement

  • A Pentium-class PC (at least 200 MHz for text mode; 400 MHz Pentium II for GUI)
  • A built-in, bootable DVD or CD drive
  • At least 64MB of RAM (for text mode) or 192MB of RAM (for GUI mode; although 256MB is the recommended minimum).
  • You need-
  • at least 620MB of free hard disk space for a Minimal custom install,
  • at least 2.3GB of hard disk space for a personal desktop install,
  • at least 3GB of free space for a workstation install, and
  • at least 1.1GB for a server install. (The Minimal install is configured to be used as a Linux firewall or router.)
  • A custom Everything install requires at least 6.9GB of disk space.

In all of these installations, you will want to have more disk space than the bare minimum. (at least 5 percent of additional free space, plus any disk space you require for user data is recommends)

The Graphical Installation Program User Interface

If you have used a graphical user interface (GUI) before, you will be familiar with this process; use your mouse to navigate the screens, “click” buttons, or enter text fields. You can also navigate through the installation using the [Tab] and [Enter] keys.

Configuring a Dual-Boot System

Sharing a computer between two operating systems often requires dual booting. You can use either operating system on the computer, but not both at once. Each operating system boots from and uses its own hard drives or disk partitions.

If the computer you want to install Red Hat Linux on is currently running Windows (or some other operating system you have installed), you have an important decision to make. Your choices are:

  • Do you want Red Hat Linux to be the only operating system on your computer, despite the fact that you already have Windows on your computer? If yes, you do not have to configure a dual-boot system. Backup any information that you want to save and start the installation. During the installation, if you choose to have the installation program automatically partition your system on the Disk Partitioning Setup screen, choose Remove all partitions on this system. If you choose manual partitioning with Disk Druid, delete all the existing DOS (Windows) partitions and then create your Linux partitions.
  • Do you want to install Red Hat Linux and then have the option of booting either Red Hat Linux or your other operating system? A Red Hat Linux installation can be performed so that Red Hat Linux is installed on your system, but the other operating system is not affected. Since you already have Windows installed, you need to allocate disk space for Linux.

If you already have Windows installed on your system, you must have free hard drive space available on which to install Red Hat Linux. Your choices are as follows:

  • Add a new hard drive.
  • Use an existing hard drive or partition.
  • Create a new partition.

Another way to make room for Linux is to use a hard drive or disk partition that is currently being used by Windows. For example, suppose that Windows Explorer shows two hard drives, C: and D:. This could indicate either that the computer has two hard drives, or a single hard drive with two partitions. In either case (assuming the hard drive has enough disk space), you can install Red Hat Linux on the hard drive or disk partition that Windows recognizes as D:. This choice is available to you only if the computer has two or more hard drives or disk partitions.

If a local Windows partition is available in which you want to install Linux, complete the following steps:

  1. Copy all data you want to save from the selected hard drive or partition (D: in this example) to another location.
  2. Start the Red Hat Linux installation program and tell it to install in the designated drive or partition — in this example, in the hard drive or partition that Windows designates as D:. Note that Red Hat Linux distinguishes between hard drives and disk partitions. Thus:
    • If C: and D: on this computer refer to two separate hard drives, the installation program will recognize them as hda and hdb (IDE) or sda and sdb (SCSI). Tell the installation program to install on hdb or sdb.
    • If C: and D: refer to partitions on a single drive, the installation program will recognize them as hda1 and hda2 (or sda1 and sda2). During the partitioning phase of the Red Hat Linux installation, delete the second partition (hda2 or sda2), then partition the unallocated free space. You do not have to delete the second partition prior to starting the Red Hat Linux installation.

Disk Partitioning

At the Disk Partitioning Setup screen of the installation program, you have a few options. Depending on which option you choose, the steps for configuring a dual-boot system vary. If you choose:

  • Automatic Partitioning — Choose Keep all partitions and use existing free space. This option will leave your Windows partitions on the hard drive and partition the free space or additional hard drive for Red Hat Linux.
  • Manual partitioning with Disk Druid — Do not delete the existing Windows partitions (they are the partitions of type vfat). Create your Linux partitions on the additional hard drive or in the free space you have reserved for Red Hat Linux.

Configuring the Boot Loader

When you arrive at the Boot Loader Installation screen during the Red Hat Linux installation, choose to install the boot loader. You can use a 3rd-party boot loader (such as System Commander or Partition Magic) to boot both Red Hat Linux and Windows. Red Hat does not support alternate boot loaders. Thus, this section will discuss how to configure GRUB or LILO to boot both operating systems.

The Red Hat Linux installation program will usually detect Windows and automatically configure the boot loader (GRUB or LILO) to boot either Red Hat Linux or Windows. This can be seen on the boot loader screen of the installation program. An entry named DOS appears in the list of operating systems to boot.

Starting the Installation Program

To start the installation, you must first boot the installation program. Please make sure you have all the resources you will need for the installation.

  1. Insert Red Hat Linux installation DVD or CD #1 into your computer’s drive.
  2. Reboot your computer.
  3. When you see the installation screen (with a boot: prompt at the bottom), press Enter to begin the installation in graphic mode.

During installation, you are asked questions about your computer hardware and the network connections. After you have completed each answer, click Next. The following list describes the information you will need to enter. (If you need help, all of these topics are explained later in this chapter.)

  • Media Check – Optionally check the CD/DVD to be sure it is not damaged or corrupted.
  • Language Selection – Choose the language used during the install (you can add other languages later).
  • Keyboard Configuration – Choose your keyboard type.
  • Upgrade – If you have an earlier version of Fedora installed, you can choose Upgrade to upgrade your system without losing data files. Otherwise, you can continue with a new installation.
  • Installation Type – Choose a configuration, such as Personal Desktop (for laptop, home, or desktop use), Workstation (desktop plus software development), Server (file, print, Web, and other server software), or Custom (adds selected Linux packages, Minimal, or Everything installs).
  • Disk Partitioning Setup – Either have Linux automatically choose your partitions or manually partition yourself (with Disk Druid). With Automatic, you can choose to remove Linux partitions, all partitions, or no partitions (and use existing free space). Because repartitioning can result in lost data, I recommend that you refer to descriptions on repartitioning your hard disk later in this chapter.
  • Disk Druid – Whether you choose Automatic or Manual partitioning, Disk Druid appears onscreen to let you review or change the partitions.
  • Boot Loader Configuration – Add the GRUB boot manager to control the boot process. With multiple operating systems on the computer, select which one to boot by default.
  • Network Configuration – Set up your LAN connection (not dial-up). You can simply choose to get addresses using DHCP, or you can manually enter your computer’s IP address, netmask, hostname, default gateway, and DNS servers. You can also indicate whether to activate your network when Linux boots.
  • Firewall Configuration – Choose a default firewall configuration. Select Enable firewall if you want to block access to most services to your computer from outside computers. If you do enable the firewall, you can select to open particular services to computers on the network (remote login, Web server, FTP file transfer, or mail server). Select No Firewall only if you are connected to a trusted network, and there is another firewall between you and the public network. You can also enable Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux) to protect your system from attacks on selected services.
  • Time Zone Selection – Identify the time zone in which you are located.
  • Set Root Password – Add the root user account password.
  • Package Installation Defaults – Select to install the current package list (for the install type you chose) or customize it. For custom installations, choose groups of software packages to install, choose Everything, or choose Minimal. (You can also choose separate packages if you like by clicking Details.)
  • About to Install – To this point, you can quit the install process without having written anything to disk. When you select Next, the disk is formatted (as you chose) and selected packages are installed.

NOTE: After completing all the tasks, the actual installation of packages takes between 20 and 60 minutes, depending on the number of packages you selected and the speed of the computer hardware.

When installation is done, remove the Linux DVD or CD and click Exit to reboot your computer. Linux should boot by default. After Linux boots for the first time, the Setup Agent runs to let you read the license agreement, set system date and time, configure your display, add a user account, configure your sound card, and install additional CDs. On subsequent reboots, you will see a login prompt. You can log in and begin using your Linux system.




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